Norway has the world’s greatest nature wonders. Norwegian nature is wild, splendorous, fascinating, sublime and serene … or any other words of admiring you may think of.
Among them, it is the wonder of the world nature masterpiece - the fjord (it is a Norwegian originated word).
Norway has an exciting and adventurous history.
Since 793, the Norwegian Vikings steered their fast Viking ships, travelled through the vast Atlantic Ocean, and finally arrived in Iceland and Vinland (known today as Newfoundland of Canada). The Vikings are regarded as the first Europeans arrived and settled in North American (about 500 years before the first voyage of Christopher Columbus).
Welcome to Norway - the fantastic Scandinavian kingdom!
Oslo, the City of Sculptures
Oslo is the capital and biggest city of Norway. It was founded as a trading place by King Harald Hardrada in 1040. Under the ruling of King Haakon V of Norway, Oslo became the capital around 1300.
Oslo is situated at the end of Oslofjord. The city is flanked by forested mountains in the north and east, forming the city area a fantastic valley. Oslo is proudly named as the “the Valley of the God”.
Bergen, A World Heritage City
Bergen was founded by King Olav Kyrre in 1070. In the 13th century, Bergen became a very important trading hub of the Hanseatic League. The trading hub is the famous Bryggen. Bryggen is the largest remaining Hanseatic League trading relics in the world. It is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Bergen is a gateway to the fantastic Norwegian fjords. Due to its unique culture, Bergen is selected as the European City of Culture.
Sognefjord, the World Most Famous Fjord
Sognefjord is the longest, splendid and most popular fjord in Norway!
Sognefjord stretches 205 kilometers (127 mi) from the ocean coast to inland. The 1000 meters deep Sognefjord is flanked by more than 1000 meters high cliffs and surrounded by Europe’s largest glacier – the Jostedal Glacier. The Jostedal Glacier is 487 square kilometres (188 sq mi) large with the highest point in Hogste Breakulen at 1,957 meters.
Flam is the most important hub of the Sognefjord. From Flam, you can take fjord cruise and the Flam Line.
Flam Line is a 20.2 kilometers long miracle. In this 20.2 kilometers’ train ride, it goes up from a few meters above sea level at Flam Station to 863 meters at Myrdal Station. It makes the flam line one of the steepest gradient trains in the world. Along the route, it is Norway’s fantastic nature – snow capped mountains, deep valleys and amazing waterfalls (especially the 225 meters long Kjosfossen waterful).
Voss is a lovely Norwegian town situated between Flam and Bergen and is very near the beautiful Sognefjord. Voss is surrounded by snow-capped mountains, forests, lakes and fast flowing white water rivers. The little town is famous place for skiing, water sports, skydiving, paragliding, kayaking, rafting, kite surfing, para-bungee, river boarding and other adventure sports. Voss hosts the Ekstremsportveko (Extreme Sports Week) every year in the last week of June, which is regarded as the world's premier extreme sports festival.
North Cape, Europe’s North End
North Cape, coordinates at 71°10′21″N 25°47′04″E, is located at the far north of Norway. It is regarded as the north end of the continental Europe.
North Cape is far above the Arctic Circle. Here, the Atlantic Ocean meets the Arctic Ocean. Every year, there are more than 200 000 tourists came to the North Cape to enjoy the spectacular Arctic sceneries - the never set midnight sun, and exciting Arctic adventures.
Frogner Park (1940) (The Vigeland Park)
Frogner Park is the fantastic park installed with more than 200 amazing sculpture masterpieces by Gustav Vigeland - the greatest Norwegian sculptor. It is the world largest sculpture park from one single artist. That is the reason that Frogner Park is also called Vigeland Park.
Oslo City Hall (1950)
The Oslo City Hall the one of the Oslo’s symbolic buildings, and it is the venue of the famous annual Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony.
Oslo Royal Palace (1849) (Det kongelige slott)
Oslo Royal Place is the residence of the King Harald V and the royal family. It is one of the most significant buildings of Norway.
Viking Ship Museum (Original Viking Ships from 800 AD)
This museum displays three Viking ships dated from the 9th century. They are the only Viking ships people can see nowadays. Valuable Viking age relics such as sledges, beds, a horse cart, wood carving, tent components, buckets and other goods are displayed in this museum.
Oslo Opera House (2008)
Oslo Opera House has won many international architecture awards. The fantastic 38,500 m2 opera house sits at the Oslo fjord water front and it is the home of the Norwegian National Opera and Ballet, and the National Opera Theatre.
Nobel Peace Centre (2005)
Nobel Peace Centre was opened by His Majesty King Harald V of Norway in 2005. Here you can find the stories about the great donator Alfred Bernhard Nobel and the famous Nobel Prize Laureates.
Bryggen is one of Norway's main attractions. In 1360, the German Hanseatic League established one of its import and export offices at Bryggen, dominating trade between Norway and the rest of Europe for almost 400 years. Bryggen is the largest remaining Hanseatic League trading relics in the world.
Bryggen is listed as a UNESCO's World Heritage Site.
Hakon’s Hall (1261)
Hakon’s Hall was built between 1247 and 1261 by Hakon Hakonsson as a royal residence and banqueting hall. It was the largest and most imposing building of the royal residency in the 13th-century when Bergen was the political centre of Norway. Hakon’s Hall was the site of major national events, for example, the drawing up of Norway’s first complete set of laws. As a national cultural monument, Hakon’s Hall is still used both for royal dinners and other official occasions.
Bergen Cathedral (1150)
Bergen Cathedral is situated in the city center of Bergen. It has a history of nearly 900 years. It started as a church dedicated to Olav the Holy, Norway’s patron saint, around year 1150.
Bryggens Museum (1350)
Bryggens Museum is built over the remains of the first settlement at Bryggen. In the museum, a large numbers of objects excavated from the medieval ages are displayed.
Fish Market (1350)
Since the 12 century, Bergen Fish Market has been a meeting place for merchants and fishermen. Now, the busy Bergen Fish Market becomes Norway’s most visited outdoors markets. In Bergen Fish Market, fresh seafood, fruit, vegetables, souvenirs and handicrafts are sold. There are even unique restaurants, bars and coffee shops in the Fish Market while you can have a bite of the Norwegian gourmet.
There are many cruises in Sognefjord. The most popular cruise is from Flam to Gudvangen. Here, the fjord is narrow, deep, calm and peaceful. Massive and high mountains flank the narrow sea water way. Long water-falls fly down from the mountains.
The Flam Line
The Flam Line is total 20.2-kilometer (12.6 mi) long. It is part of the Norwegian railway system. But due to steep gradient (the maximum gradient is 55 percent) and picturesque nature along the route, it is now an exclusively tourist attraction. It is the third-most visited tourist attraction in Norway. The Flam Line goes up from a few meters from sea level in Flam to 863 meters (2,831 ft) in 20 kilometers in Myrdal.
North Cape Plateau
The large flat plateau is on the top of 307-metre-high cliff (1,007 ft). Here it is the most famous landmark of the northernmost point of the European continent.
Whale and North Cape Safari
North Cape is a free world of wild animals. It is one of the best locations for watching whales, seals and dolphin.
Skarsvag is the world’s northernmost fishing village. This tiny and peaceful village has only about 60 inhabits. The village is the northernmost settlement in the world which is accessible via a major road network. The villagers have a fish fleet for cod fishing in the Barents Sea.
Henrik Ibsen is a famous Norwegian playwright, theatre director and poet. He is regarded as “the father” of modern theater and one of the founders of Modernism in the theatre, and the greatest playwright since Shakespeare. His famous works include Brand (1865), Peer Gynt (1867), Emperor and Galilean (1873), A Doll's House(1879), Ghosts(1881), An Enemy of the People (1882), The Wild Duck (1884), Hedda Gabler (1890) and The Master Builder (1892).
Edvard Munch is a Norwegian painter, printmaker and a world pioneer in the Expressionist movement in modern painting. His famous works include Evening on Karl Johan, The Scream, Ashes, Madonna, Puberty, Self-Portrait with Burning Cigarette, Death in the Sickroom, The Dance of Life, The Dead Mother, Village in Moonlight, Self Portrait: Between Clock and Bed etc. Edvard Munch is a Norwegian painter and printmaker and a world pioneer in the Expressionist movement in modern painting. His famous works include Evening on Karl Johan, The Scream, Ashes, Madonna, Puberty, Self-Portrait with Burning Cigarette, Death in the Sickroom, The Dance of Life, The Dead Mother, Village in Moonlight, Self Portrait: Between Clock and Bed etc.
Edvard Grieg is a genius Norwegian composer. He contributes immensely to the world of music. His works, inspired from his own emotions, real life scenarios and the Norwegian landscapes and nature, are liked all over the world. Edvard Grieg’s famous works include Piano Concerto in A minor, Op. 16, Piano Sonata in E minor, Op. 7, Violin Sonata No. 1 in F major, Op. 8, Concert Overture in Autumn, Op. 11, iolin Sonata No. 2 in G major, Op. 13 and more.
Therese Johaug is a famous Norwegian cross-country ski star. She has won four individual gold medals along with three gold medals in relays in world championships. Therese Johaug is a three-time Olympic medalist.